Thursday, March 3, 2011

Craterville Park

Column sent to Frederick Leader and Frederick Press
March 1, 2011
Swimming pool at old Craterville Park
Meeting featured special memories of Craterville
Craterville was a special place that many people hold dear in their memories.
Frank Rush III, grandson of Craterville Park’s founder, spoke at the Tillman County Historical Society’s 2011 annual meeting on February 27, and told stories from Craterville’s history and his family’s involvement with the park. Approximately 75 people attended, most of whom had personal memories of Craterville.
The people in attendance also told many stories about their experiences at Craterville. The stories brought many smiles and happy memories.
There were actually two Craterville Parks. Frank S. Rush organized the first Craterville north of Cache in 1923. Rush had served as the first forest supervisor at the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge. He had been commissioned by President Theodore Roosevelt as the nation’s second forest ranger (the first was in Yosemite Park in California), and tasked by Roosevelt to re-establish buffalo at the refuge.
Frank S. Rush with Craterville Park Covenant, 1924
The senior Rush formed Craterville when he retired from the U.S. Forest Service in 1923.
When Frank S. Rush died in 1933, his son E. Frank Rush took over operation of the park and built it into the most popular family recreation area in Southwest Oklahoma and North Texas. It is important to remember that this was an era before computers, video games, or cable television. The countless entertainment options that exist today did not exist then. Folks went to Craterville Park for recreation and fun.
In his presentation at the annual meeting, Frank Rush III described all of the original park’s attractions: a grocery store and post office where people could buy supplies or mail 3-cent post cards; a glass house and dark house maze that one walked through in the dark; the pretzel ride; a skating rink (strap-on skates were rented and cost of skating was 25-cents for an hour); a concession stand (Fairmont ice cream., Root bear, popcorn and hot dogs); camp grounds; rental cabins; a cobblestone golf course; bumper car rides; an arcade; a full cafeteria; a swimming pool (complete with fish and turtles) that was fed from natural springs; and an Indian curio store.
Craterville postcard scene
Amusement rides on the midway included a Ferris wheel, a train, and a rock-o-plane ride.
Other popular attractions were a monkey cage, horse rentals, a snake pit (with rattlesnakes that were gathered from the local mountains); and Jimbo the steer, advertised as the world’s biggest at more than 3800 lbs.
Earlyday Craterville scene
Many of the era’s most well-known entertainers performed in free concerts at a stage near the midway.  At the historical society meeting, Frank Rush III asked what stars the local folks had seen at Craterville. The answers kept coming – Hopalong Cassidy, Roy Rogers, Rex Allen, Stonewall Jackson, Dale Robertson, Tex Ritter, Rin-Tin-Tin, Minnie Pearl, and Little Jimmy Dickens.
Other acts at Craterville over the years included circus acts, a bear act, dog performances, a horse act, a human cannonball, and many more.
Saddle horses at Craterville
The old Craterville was closed in 1957 when Fort Sill land was expanded to include the park. Frank Rush III described the land expansion as very controversial at the time, an effort to make Fort Sill so big that it could not be closed.
The federal government promised to treat landowners fairly, but did not.
Although E. Frank Rush moved Craterville to a new site north of Altus, he never recovered from the financial losses that were caused by the government land grab of the original site.
The second Craterville operated at the new site near Quartz Mountain until the late 1960s. Although never as successful as the original Craterville, Frank Rush III said he finds many people who remember the “new” park with sentiments as emotional as the original one. The second Craterville closed in the late 1960s when the Rush family moved to the Dallas area to stage a successful Wild West Show at Six Flags Over Texas.

Since 1971, the Rush family has owned and operated Sandy Lake Amusement Park near Carrolton, Texas.

NOTE: Historic photos are property of Frank Rush III and used with his permission.

AT RIGHT: Craterville pennants from 1939 and 1940 are on display at the Pioneer Townsite Museum.  

Joe Wynn is a member of the Tillman County Historical Society’s board of directors. He can be contacted by e-mail at


  1. Most of my Craterville Memories are from the 1930s when there was much more simplicity with good horses, skating rink, miniature golf course, mountain climbing, creek swimming, and the annual rodeo where such as Freckles Brown, Clyde and Jiggs Burk and John McEntire competed.

  2. Alfred R. ThomasMay 11, 2014 at 9:31 AM

    Soon to be 87 years of age, I can well remember fun trips to Craterville Park in the 1930's and 1940's. Instead of students playing hookey on April 1st , our school in Western Cotton County – Ahpeatone - would dismiss for the day and all students would be taken to Craterville in the school buses for a day of fun. Al Thomas, OKC, OK

    1. Mr. Thomas I hope that you read this. I am from the Ahpeatone area, too. My family still keeps the school house going and holds their church services there. My grandma has told me so many stories about the school from when my dad and his siblings went there. My grandfather drove the bus for some of the time there, too. I love hearing about all the fun memories of that time. Thank you for sharing yours!

  3. I remember going to the old Craterville with my parents many times in the fifties. It was a magical kind of place and I will never forget it !

    1. I grew up in Anadarko and recall many visits to Craterville in the early 50's. I have driven many times past the old entrance and always think about those times.

  4. I was going to Craterville during the Dust Bowl/Depression of the 1930s. Most of the niceties did not exist at that time. Swimming, Skating, miniature golf, horseback riding, rock climbing, picnicking was about the sum total. I was never there after 1941.

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  6. I was born and grew up in Lawton in 1947. I remember my dad taking me there in the 50’s. How I loved this place. I seem to remember several daredevil act. One involving a person diving from a high platform in to a tank of water. The top of the water was somehow set on fire. I also remember some amazing fireworks. I thought the park closed much later than 57. It was a wonderland for many children and adults.